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Jawa




EAST JAWA 

East Jawa is one of Indonesia provinces. It is located on the eastern part of Jawa Island and near to Madura and Bawean islands. It state in the West neighbor of Bali, across the small Strait of Bali. East Jawa tourism offer attractions, from historical site like temples to recreational spots like beaches, lakes, volcanoes, marine gardens and wildlife reserves. Magnificent mountain sceneries include the craters and the famous of Mount Bromo, the "sulfur mountain" of Welirang and rugged line Plateau. Remaining the glory of Majapahit Empire, the ruins nowadays still exists as a history witnesses with some archaeological discoveries. East Jawa government have claim this historical site against colonial forces since 1945.

The administrative center of the province is located in Surabaya, which is the second largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta and as a major industrial center and business port.  East Jawa is also considered as a national industrial province. The economic commodity is coming from agriculture; include of coffee, mangoes and apples, fishery and oil industries. The transportation to go to East Jawa area can be reach by public vehicle or train services. There are also air services between Surabaya and other cities like Bali or Jakarta or some other provinces.  Madura Island, which is famous for its bull races, is part of East Jawa province, though it has its own traditions and language. The history dates back numbers of invasion in East Jawa like the founding of prehistoric animals and the site of the Jawa man at Trinil, Ngawi or some hidden ruin temples which settled on 7th century AD.

CENTRAL JAWA  

Central Jawa Province, as one of the Indonesia tourist destination areas, offers various kinds of tourist attractions whether natural, cultural, or man made features. Central Jawa is located exactly in the middle of Jawa Island. It borders with West Jawa Province in the western part, while in the eastern part borders with East Jawa Province. On the part of the southern side lies also the province of Yogyakarta Special Region. Central Jawa is the island's cultural, geographic, and historic heartland. Universities, dance schools, pottery, handicrafts, textiles and carving, give to the region a rich culture and interesting shopping. This is also the place of the famous Jawanese temples of Borobudur. But it is not the only ones to be noted; Dieng plateau and Sukuh temple are worth a visit. Performing arts is still widely practiced, and traditional dance dramas (Wayang Orang) or shadow puppets (Wayang Kulit) performances are easy to find. Mountains cross the entire central portion of the province. The cool slopes contain numerous hill resorts (Tawangmangu, Kaliurang, Sarangan).

The very first Moslem kingdom on the island was founded in 1511 at Demak, about 40 km from Semarang. Today Demak is a sleepy little town; however, its glory of the past is still visible from one of the major relics, which is still well preserved. The Grand Mosque, a quaint blend of Hindu and Islamic architecture, still honored and worshipped by Jawanese pilgrims.
Surakarta, better known as Solo, is the cradle of Jawanese culture in the province. TV courts of Solo embody the noble value that the Jawanese attach to grace and refinement, with majestic ceremonies and royal festivals still held with great pomp and circumstance. Although no longer the seat of power it once was, descendants of the royal houses of Solo are regarded as leaders of, Jawanese culture and traditions, upholding standards of sophistication and conduct.
 

The rich and fertile plains of the region support an enormous population of over 30 million people. The low land plains are found alongside the northern beaches. The high land plains are found in the Center of Central Jawa with mountains stretching lengthwise from the west to the east with a line of mountains, such as Mount Slamet (3,428 m), Mount Perahu (2,585 m), Mount Sindoro (3,135 m) Mount Sumbing (3,321 m), Mount Merapi (3,142 m), Mount Ungaran (2,050 m). Near the border with East Jawa Province is Mount Lawu (3,265 m), while on the northern side there is Mount Muria (1,602 m). At the feet of these mountains will find pleasant and cool highland plains with beautiful panoramas such as Baturaden, the Dieng Plateau, Bandungan, Kopeng, Tawangmangu, Solo, etc. Apart from these mountains there are some small mountains and lime mountains. The Biggest Rivers found in the Central Jawa are Serayu River, with its source from the Dieng Plateau and "Bengawan Solo" River.

The Freedom of embrace religion is fully guaranteed by government. Islam is a greatest number among the five recognized religions (Moslem, Protestant, Catholic, Buddha and Hindu). Jawa language with various dialects is the daily language used by most of Central Jawa people but Bahasa Indonesia as mother tongue.


JOGYAKARTA

Jogyakarta Special Region (Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, DIY) is officially one of Indonesia's 34 provinces. Yogyakarta is one of the foremost cultural centers of Jawa. This region is located at the foot of the active Merapi volcano, Yogyakarta was in the 16th and 17th centuries the seat of the mighty Jawanese empire of Mataram from which present day Yogyakarta has the best inherited of traditions. The city itself has a special charm, which seldom fails to captivate the visitor.

This province is one of the most densely populated areas of Indonesia. The city came into being in 1755, after the Mataram division into the Sultanates of Yogyakarta and Surakarta (Solo). Gamelan, classical and contemporary Jawanese dances, wayang kulit (leather puppet), theater and other expressions of traditional art will keep the visitor spellbound. Local craftsmen excel in arts such batiks, silver and leather works. Next to the traditional, contemporary art has found fertile soil in Yogya's culture oriented society. ASRI, the Academy of Fine Arts is the center of arts and Yogyakarta itself has given its name to an important school of modern painting in Indonesia, perhaps best personified by the famed Indonesian impressionist, the late Affandi.

Yogyakarta is often called the main gateway to the Central Jawa as where it is geographically located. It stretches from Mount Merapi to the Indian Ocean. There is daily air service to Yogya from Jakarta, Surabaya and Bali as well as regular train service and easy accessibility by road. Yogyakarta is commonly considered as the modern cultural of Central Jawa. Although some may prefer Solo as a good runner up, Yogyakarta remains the clear front-runner for traditional dance, Wayang (traditional puppetry) and music.

Yogyakarta has more than just culture though. It is a very lively city and a shopper's delight. The main road, Malioboro Street, is always crowded and famous for its night street food-culture and street vendors. Many tourist shops and cheap hotels are concentrated along this street or in the adjoining tourist area such Sosrowijayan Street.

The key attraction of Yogyakarta is 'Kraton' (the Sultan's Palace). The Sultan's palace is the centre of Yogya's traditional life and despite the advance of modernity; it still emanates the spirit of refinement, which has been the hallmark of Yogya's art for centuries. This vast complex of decaying buildings was built in the 18th century, and is actually a walled city within the city with luxurious pavilions and in which the current Sultan still resides. Yogyakarta is also the only major city, which still has traditional 'Becak' (rickshaw-style) transport. 

The culture Yogyakarta province with its status as a special region lies in the Southern part of Central Jawa, in the heartland of Jawanese culture. As the former capital and the center of several kingdoms in the past, this region and its people are very rich in a variety of cultures. It is widely known from to historical records that the civilization, art and culture had developed well in the center of those kingdoms respectively in the Ancient Mataram Kingdom (8th - 10th Century) era, the second Mataram Kingdom (17th - 18th Century) and Sultanate Ngayogyokarto from the mid of 18th Century up today. 

It should be noted that the cultural heritage from the past includes the magnificent temples, the ruins of palaces and monasteries, the various kind of traditions, cultural events, traditional folk and performing arts, architecture and other traditional activities. It is important to note that this is all part of the living culture of Yogyakarta, color of daily activities of live and the local inhabitant’s behavior, particularly the Javanese community with its traditional way of life and customs. Therefore, because of its culture richness and heritage, Yogyakarta has long been known as the cradle of Jawanese culture. 

The other legendary name for Yogyakarta City, among the elders as well as the youth generation that is the City of Art and Culture. Traditional and modern exhibition are held almost every day and night about the art of theater, pantomime, music, classic and contemporary dances, poems, etc. Those are flow in the heart of the city. Even more, there are abundant of cultural ceremony, such as Sekaten, Gunungan, Labuhan, Malioboro Fair, etc, which make the city has high value of tradition, art, and culture.


                                  
 





 







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